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  • 您的位置:文秘写作网 > 演讲致辞 > 晚会致辞 > 圣诞节的由来英文版简短_圣诞... 正文 2019-11-21 10:21:54

    圣诞节的由来英文版简短_圣诞节的由来英文版

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    圣诞节的由来英文版

    圣诞节的由来英文版 一年一度的圣诞节即将来临,你知道圣诞节的来历吗今天就为大家介 绍圣诞节的来历,是中英文版双全哦。仅供参考。

    圣诞节的由来英文版 The Origin of Christmas Christmas Day-December 25-which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, the founder of the Christian religion, is the biggest and best-loved holiday in the United States. According to the Bible, the holy book of Christians, God decided to allow his only son, Jesus Christ, to be born to a human mother and live on earth so that people could understand God better and learn to love God and each other more. "Christmas"- meaning "celebration of Christ "- honors the time when Jesus was born to a young Jewish woman Mary. Mary was engaged to be married to Joseph, a carpenter, but before they came together, she was found to be with child. Because Joseph, her husband, was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins." Although the exact date of the birth of Jesus nearly 2,000 years ago is not known, the calendar on the supposed date divides all time into B.C. (Before Christ )and A.D. ( a Latin phrase, Anno Domini, "in the year of our Lord.")For the first 300 years, Jesus’ birthday was celebrated on different dates. Finally, in the year 354, church leaders chose December 25 as his birthday. 圣诞节的由来中文版 圣诞节只是基督徒庆祝其信仰的耶稣基督(jīdū)诞生的庆祝日。圣诞节的庆祝与基督教同时产生,被推测始于西元1世纪。很长时间以来圣诞节的日 期都是没有确定的,因为耶稣确切的出生日期是存在争议的,除了《新约》以外, 没有任何记载提到过耶稣;《新约》不知道日期,当然就没有人知道确切日期了。

    在西元后的头三百年间,耶稣的生日是在不同的日子庆祝的。西元3世纪以前的 作家们想把圣诞日定在春分日上下。直到西元3世纪中期,基督教在罗马合法化 以后,西元354年罗马主教指定儒略历12月25日为耶稣诞生日。现在的圣诞节日 期跟西元纪年的创制是密不可分的。

    西元纪年创制于西元5世纪,后来圣诞节这一天就按格里高利历法, 即西元纪年的“公历”来确定了,而日历按着假定日期把时间分为公元前(耶稣基 督诞生前)和公元后(A. D. 是拉丁文缩写,意思是“有了我们主--耶稣的年代”)。

    后来,虽然普遍教会都接受12月25日为圣诞节,但又因各地教会使用的历书不同, 具体日期不能统一,于是就把12月24日到第二年的1月6日定为圣诞节节期 (Christmas Tide),各地教会可根据当地具体情况在这段节期之内庆祝圣诞节。西 方教会,包括罗马天主教、英国圣公会和新教,确定的圣诞日是公历的12月25 日。东正教会确定的圣诞日是公历1月7日(实际上是叫“主显日”),这与东正教没 有接受格里高利历改革和接受修正后的儒略历有关,因此把圣诞节在1900年到 2099年的这一段时间内将延迟到1月7日。保加利亚和罗马尼亚也是东正教区,但 圣诞节日期上遵循西欧习惯为12月25日,但复活节则遵从习惯。而最古老的基督 教会亚美尼亚使徒教会确定的是公历1月6日,同时亚美尼亚教会更关注主显节, 而不是圣诞节。圣诞节也是西方世界以及其他很多地区的公共假日,例如:在亚 洲的香港、马来西亚和新加坡。世界上的非基督徒只是把圣诞节当作一个世俗的 文化节日看待。

    教会开始并无圣诞节,约在耶稣升天后百余年内才有。据说:第一 个圣诞节是在公元138年,由罗马主教圣克里门倡议举行。而教会史载第一个圣 诞节则在公元336年。由于圣经未明记耶稣生于何时,故各地圣诞节日期各异。

    直到公元440年,才由罗马教廷定12月25日为圣诞节。公元1607年,世界各地教 会领袖在伯利恒聚会,进一步予以确定,从此世界大多数的基督徒均以12月25 日为圣诞节。十九世纪,圣诞卡的流行、圣诞老人的出现,圣诞节也开始流行起 来了。

    这个词的含义是指“基督的弥撒(Christ’s mass)”,即“为基督的一次 聚餐”。这个仪式源自《新约》的“最后的晚餐”。而“基督的弥撒(Christ’s mass)” 这个词是希腊语和拉丁语的拼凑,因为Christ来自希腊语Χριστ,意思本来只是指犹太人的“受膏者”,引申为救世主;而mass来自拉丁语missa,本意为散会 (dismissal),引申为基督教会感恩聚会。所以有时又缩写为“Xmas”。这可能是因 为 X 类似于希腊字母 Χ(Chi);Χ 是“基督”的希腊语 Χριστì(Christos)中的首个 字母。为了尊重其它信仰的人士,以淡化圣诞节的宗教色彩。荷兰语名称类似英 语,称作Kerstroeten。圣诞节西班牙语称为Navidad(或Pascuas),葡萄牙语称为 Festas,波兰语称为Narodzenie,法语称为Noel,意大利语称为Natale,加泰罗尼 亚语称为Nadal,意思是“诞生”,更清晰地反映圣诞节的意思。与此相对,德语 称为Weihnachten,意思为“神圣的夜晚”。

    圣诞节的由来详细介绍(中英文对照版) Origin of Christmas 圣诞节的由来 The name Christmas is short for "Christ"s Mass". A Mass is a kind of Church service. Christmas is a religious festival. It is the day we celebrate as the birthday of Jesus. “圣诞节”这个名称是“基督弥撒”的缩写。弥撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。

    圣诞节是一个宗教节日我们把它当作耶稣的诞辰来庆祝,因而又名耶诞节。

    There are special Christmas services in Christian churches all over the world. But many of the festivities of Christmas do not have anything to do with religion. Exchanging gifts and sending Christmas cards are the modern ways of celebrating the Christmas in the world. 这一天,世界所有的基督教会都举行特别的礼拜仪式。但是有很多圣 诞节的欢庆活动和宗教并无半点关联。交换礼物,寄圣诞卡,这都使圣诞节成为 一个普天同庆的日子。

    The birth of Jesus had a story: In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin"s name was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call his name, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. 耶稣的出生是有一段故事的,耶稣是因着圣灵成孕,由童女马利亚所 生的。神更派遣使者加伯列在梦中晓谕约瑟,叫他不要因为马利亚未婚怀孕而不 要她,反而要与她成亲,把那孩子起名为“耶稣”,意思是要他把百姓从罪恶中救出来。

    Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quintus was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. 当马利亚快要临盆的时候,罗马政府下了命令,全部人民到伯利恒务 必申报户籍。约瑟和马利亚只好遵命。他们到达伯利恒时,天色已昏,无奈两人 未能找到旅馆渡宿,只有一个马棚可以暂住。就在这时,耶苏要出生了!於是马 利亚唯有在马槽上,生下耶苏。

    And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th, December every year. But nobody know the actual birthday of Jesus. And the Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenth Century. 圣诞节便始于十二月二十五日纪念耶苏的诞生,但真实的诞生日就没 有人知道了。十九世纪,圣诞卡的流行、圣诞老人的出现,圣诞节也开始流行起 来了。

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